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HemiChem Concepts

Hemispherical Atomic Model

Instead of abstract logic, a Hemispherical Atomic Model generates how electrons build into shells and subshells starting with 1 at each pole, then step-wise longitudinal ring-springs sets . . . in two hemispheres.


Full Subshells only in Stable Molecules

The concept of partial filing is mistaken.  Instead, the Bose "cylinder surface" proof of quantum mechanics only works when the subshells are full.


Arno Dot-Diagrams and Electron Configurations

Replacing Lewis Diagrams, the Arno-Dot-Diagrams provides configurations of full-only subshells for each Element with all nuance to determine all chemical properties.


HemiNumbers vs Quantum Numbers

That makes the abstract Quantum Numbers into:

 - 1st Radial (r#) - for the shells starting with 1.

 - 2nd Inclination Subshells (θ#) - for the longitudinal ring-springs sets starting with -0- for at-the-poles.

 - 3rd Latitude Electron (φ#) - for the electron positions starting with an artibrarily chosen meridian as -0-, with -3, -2, -1 and +3, +2, +1 from that depending on the shell and inclination spacing.

 - 4th Hemisphere (z=X0=±½) - for which hemisphere and as the axis of symmetry for all interdimensional and magnetism equations.


Pauli-Pairs as the 2nd Electron at 180 degree preference.

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Hydrogen Bonds as Electron Inward and Proton Outward with 2nd Bonding position at 180-degrees

So, the Hydrogen (red) proton is outward, with the electron (yellow) filling the Oxygen open slots.  This generates 3D engineering for Hydrogen bonds at 180 degrees to those Hydrogen 2nd bonding positions.  Now, all of chemistry has 3D engineering.

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